The agreement coordinates the Swedish and Filipino general schemes for old age, survival and disability pensions (for Sweden, sickness and activity benefits) and compensation for damages at work. Australia currently has 31 bilateral international social security agreements. In addition to the specific characteristics mentioned above, the SSAs coordinate social security programs in the Philippines with similar programs in other countries. The aim will be to solve the problems related to dual coverage (coverage according to the systems of two countries for the same work) and the double payment of dues. When a person is subject only to Japan`s social security while working in the Philippines, his or her spouse and children are exempt from the social security of the Philippines, pursuant to the agreement, unless they work in the Philippines as a salaried or non-salaried worker. Rules on exports of services and the totalisation of credit periods are particularly important for Sweden. Without these rules, Philippine pensions will not be paid to people living in Sweden. In other words, the agreement allows people who are under the Philippine pension scheme to pay their pension in Sweden. Under the agreement, international members seconded between the two countries may continue to be covered and exempt from certain social security contributions in the host country.
However, the new agreement will not cover all elements of social security. “It is important to coordinate social security benefits for people who settle and work in different countries, as well as to ensure the security of the workforce in third countries. This agreement benefits both individuals and businesses,” said Social Affairs Minister Annika Strandhil. June 01, 2018 – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced today that the Philippines and Japan have officially exchanged diplomatic notes to inform each other of their respective constitutional requirements for the entry into force of the Social Security Agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and Japan. There are four essential features of these argorments aimed at reducing or removing restrictions on nationality and territory to social security: since the early 1980s, the Philippines, led by the SSS, has been following the development of social security agreements (SSAs) with other countries hosting Filipino migrants. The provisions of these international treaties are in line with the standards of ILO Convention 157 of 1982 on respect for social security rights for people who work or reside outside their own country. Foreign Minister Alan Peter S. Cayetano, then chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, supported the Senate resolution, which was followed by President Rodrigo Duterte`s ratification of the agreement in February 2017. Japan`s National (Legislative) Parliament ratified the agreement in April 2016. On December 20, 2019, the Argentine Senate approved and sent the interim government and sent it to the House of Representatives.
All of these agreements are based on the concept of shared responsibility. Responsibility-sharing agreements are reciprocal. Under each agreement, partner countries make concessions to their social security qualification rules so that those covered by the agreement have access to payments that they may not be eligible for. The responsibility for social security is thus distributed among the countries in which a person has lived during his or her working years and where the person is able to obtain potential rights. In general, it is possible to access a pension from one country in the second country, although the paying country retains some discretion with regard to the exchange and delivery mechanisms used. According to the FDFA, the social security agreement allows Filipino and Japanese nationals to receive social benefits in both countries. Workers seconded from Japan to the Philippines and from the Philippines to Japan are currently subject to mandatory coverage under the social security systems of both countries.