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The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas:[16] The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market to ensure the smooth running of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. EU citizens living in the European Union in the UK or UK and their family members have unlimited rights under EU law before the end of the transition period. They will therefore be able to continue to live, work or study under the same conditions as indigenous peoples and will not be discriminated against because of their nationality. The withdrawal agreement continues to give EU citizens in the UK and British citizens in the EU a right of residence. The same applies to family members for whom reunification is possible under EU law. Access to social security systems remains guaranteed to residents to the same extent as before.

Citizens entering the EU or the UK during the transition period will also have the same rights. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned. [38] [12] A joint committee was established, made up equally of representatives from the United Kingdom and the European Union. In particular, it is responsible for the exchange of information and dispute resolution in the implementation of the withdrawal agreement and can make decisions and make recommendations. The Committee is also responsible for deciding on the extension of the transition period. The political declaration on future relations with the EU focuses in particular on future economic relations. It is now explicitly based on a free trade agreement.